The Young Man Isaac

I. The sacrifice of the Beloved (Genesis 22:1-18).

A. Isaac is probably between late teens and thirty years old.

1. Abraham is 100 (21:5) and Sarah 90 (17:17) at birth of Isaac.

2. Sarah is 127 (23:1) at her death – the next date available.

3. Isaac would be at least 35 at his mother’s death.

4. The “many days” (21:34) and “after these things” (22:1) would indicate a long time before the incidents in Moriah.

5. Isaac is called a “lad” (22:5), but the Hebrew word is the same for the “young men” (22:3, 5) who went with them.

a. Isaac is big enough to carry the wood (22:6).
b. Isaac is intelligent enough to question the event (22:7).

B. Isaac's obedience foreshadows a picture of Christ.

1. He is the "only" son: the "beloved" son: the "promised" heir.

2. He is silent in his obedience (22:7-9 compare Isaiah 53:7).

3. He voluntarily lays down his life (22:9 compare John 10:17-18).

C. Abraham shows unquestioning obedience and absolute faith.

1.  Although Isaac is the sacrifice, the focus of the story is on the obedience and faith of Abraham.

2. Hebrews 11:17-19 cite the significance of this event.

a. Abraham is “tried” and obeys.
b. Abraham continued to believe the promise – even though the evidence was that God was “changing” His mind.
c. Abraham “accounted” (reckoned, imputed) that God was able to perform another miracle to fulfill His promise.
1) God “imputed” (Romans 4:3) righteousness to Abraham when Abraham believed God (Galatians 3:6).
2) We are told to “reckon” on things that are “true… honest… just… pure…lovely…and of good report” (Philippians 4:8).
3) Our faith should “impute” to God the ability and faithfulness to fulfill His promises to us.

D. Abraham receives assurance and evidence of the promise.

1. The LORD provides the sacrifice – fulfilling the picture with Isaac.

2. The LORD repeats the promise to Abraham.

3. The LORD notes: “because thou hast obeyed my voice.” (22:18)

II. Abraham has been given six repeats of the promise.

A. Genesis 12:1-3 was given as a general overview of the blessing.

B. Genesis 13:14-17 stressed ownership and expansion.

1. “Look” and “see” the land – it is yours forever.

2. The “seed” will be like the “dust of the earth” – impossible to number.

C. Genesis 15:4-5 was much more in detail.

1. The “heir” will come specifically from your seed (15:4).

2. The “seed” will outnumber the stars (15:5).

3. The “seed” would be a stranger in a strange land (15:13).

4. The enslavement would last 400 years (15:13).

5. The exodus would give them great riches (15:14).

6. The boundaries were described (15:18-21).

D. Genesis 17:1-21 stressed the specificity of the blessing.

1. Abraham would father “many nations” (17:5-6).

2. Abraham would have an “everlasting” covenant (17:7, 13).

3. Abraham and Sarah would bear Isaac (17:21).

E. Genesis 18:10-14 focuses on the timing of the birth of Isaac.

F. Genesis 22:16-18 stresses the world-wide impact of the Promise.

1. The “seed” will be like the stars and the sand (22:17).

a. The “stars” might seem limited (3000 visible).
b. Equating “stars” and “sand” seems impossible.
1) Earlier “dust” equation was merely figurative
2) Number of stars ~ 1025 in the universe
3) There are approximately 10 million grains of sand in a cubic foot; and an average depth of 1000 feet of unconsolidated sediments among the 1015 square feet of area on the earth: hence there are ~ 1025 grains of sand-sized particles.  Interesting!
4) When God speaks, He must speak Truth.

2. The “seed” will bless the whole earth (22:18).

a) It is this passage that separates the word “seed.”
b) It is this passage that is quoted in Galatians 3:16.

III. Abraham returns to Beer Sheba.

A. This is his “home” and the place of the “oaths.”

1. It was promised to live faithfully among the pagans (21:23).

2. It was promised to treat others kindly (21:23).

B. The word of his “other” family is received after some 60 years.

The Patriarchs


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The People and Power of Christ

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A series on the book of Revelation

Loving God and Loving Others in Exodus 20

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