The Worthy Walk: The Leadership

I. The Leadership gifts are identified in Ephesians 4:11.

A. The Apostles were “ones who were sent” on a mission.

1. The verb form is apostello, “to send out”

2. The root word is apo and stello, “to set in order.”

3. The Apostles named in the New Testament were more than 12.

a. The original 12 (less Judas Iscariot)
b. The replacement for Judas, Mitthias (Acts 1:26)
c. The Apostle Paul is the most mentioned apostle
d. The companion Barnabus is called an apostle (Acts 14:14)
e. The spokesman James is called an apostle (Galatians 1:19)
f. The Roman leaders, Adronicus and Junia are called apostles (Romans 16:7).

4. The closest comparison today would be a missionary.

a. Apostles must have had personal interface with and teaching from the Lord Jesus (Acts 1:21-26).
b. Missionaries function as church planters or initial leaders and as “one sent on a mission,” but do not qualify as “apostles.”

B. The Prophets were special “spokesmen” for God, given insight into future events concerning the people of God.

1. The NT word is prophetes, composed of pro and phemi, meaning “to make known before.”

2. The OT word is nabi consistently translated by prophetes in the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Hebrew Old Testament.

3. The NT prophets worked closely with the Apostles in the forming of the Church (Ephesians 2:20)

a. They consistently functioned as teachers (Acts 15:32)
b. They were cautioned to be careful (1 Corinthians 14:29, 32, 37).

4. The gift of prophecy, although very important in the days before the completion of the New Testament, is said to “fail” after “that which is perfect is come” (1 Corinthians 13:8-10).

5. The closest church-age comparison would be the Teacher gift. It is unlikely that “fore-telling” is as important today as is “forth-telling.”

C. The Evangelist gift focused on announcing the good news.

1. The Greek noun is euaggelistes and the verb from is euaggelizo.

a. The term is composed of eu (good) and angellos (messenger).
b. The core word is angelos (angel).

2. The noun is only used 3 times, but the verb form is used often and usually translated “preach” or “preach the gospel.”

3. The pastors were instructed to “do the work of an evangelist” (2 Timothy 4:5).

4. This gift is still operative among the NT churches and may be more recognizable by those who are “driven” to evangelize.

D. The Pastors were and are the “Shepherds” given to the churches.

1. The Greek noun is poimen and is translated “shepherd” 17 of the 18 times it is used in the New Testament.

a. The OT term is ra`ah and is most often translated “feed” or “shepherd.”
b. The only book to use the term similar to the NT usage is Jeremiah (Jeremiah 3:25) – Jeremiah uses the word 8 times.

2. The verb form is poimaino and is translated “feed” and “rule” the 11 times it is used (1 Peter 5:2).

3. The NT equates the terms “bishop” and “elder” with “pastor.”

a. There is an office of bishop (1 Timothy 3:1-7 and Titus 1:7-9) equated with Shepherd (poimen) in 1 Peter 2:25.
1) Bishop is translated from episkopos that has the basic meaning of an “overseer.”
2) Bishop is equated with “elder” when Paul called for the “elders” of Ephesus to who were “overseers” (Acts 20:17, 28).
b. There is the title of “Elder” more frequently used of those who “feed the flock of God” (1 Peter 5:1-2).
1) Elder is translated from presbuteros which primarily means one who is older.
2) Elders should be “ordained” (Titus 1:5).
c. All three terms appear in Acts 20:17-28 and 1 Peter 5:1-2 speaking of the same persons.

E. The Teacher gift is often coupled with the pastoral gift.

1. The Greek term is didasko with the basic meaning to communicate in such a way to produce understanding in others.

a. The ministry of the Lord Jesus was particularly noted for his teaching ability (Matthew 7:29).
b. The term “teach” is more often used of Jesus’ speaking than any other description of his ministry.

2. The qualifications for Bishop include the ability to be “apt to teach” (1 Timothy 3:2)

a. The “servant of the Lord” must be “apt to teach” (2 Timothy 2:24)
b. The instructions to Timothy were to “command and teach” (1 Timothy 4:11)

3. The “pastor” must “teach” – the “preacher” does not have to.

a. The “Shepherd” must “feed” the church.
b. The “Teacher” must produce understanding and learning.
c. The “Preacher” is not necessarily a “Pastor” or “Teacher”
1) The word “preach” means to “declare” or “herald”
2) The term merely describes “announcing” something
3) The “teacher” often “preaches” when he speaks, but there are times of mere declaration (Revelation 14:6)

4. The Teacher(ing) gift is the only gift identified in all three lists of the Spiritual gifts contained in the New Testament (Romans 12:6-8; 1 Corinthians 12:7-28; Ephesians 4:11)

II. The purpose for Leadership gifts is threefold.

A. They are for "the perfecting of the saints"

1. The Greek word is katartismos, a process that describes making something useful or suitable that is not yet adequate.

a. James and John "mended" their nets (Matthew 4:21). 
b. Paul prayed that he might supply that which was "lacking" (1 Thessalonians 3:10).

2. The saints are all told to be “perfecting holiness in the fear of God” (2 Corinthians 7:1)

3. The "gifts" of the Holy Spirit "mend" that which is "lacking" in the Saints.

B. They are for “the work of the ministry”

1. This Greek word is ergon, the “business” employment or the “energy” required to get anything accomplished.

2. This is a joint effort of service (2 Corinthians 6:1)

3. This recognizes the public visibility of that service (2 Corinthians 4:1-2)

4. This steadfastly displays those gifts so that the "ministry be not blamed" (2 Corinthians 6:3)

C. They are for the “edifying of the body of Christ”

1. This Greek word is oikodome, the process of building up someone or something

a. We are to seek to “edify one another” (Romans 14:19)
b. We are speak only those things “for the use of edifying” (Ephesians 4:29)

2. This focuses the use of the gifts on the enrichment and betterment of the local assembly of believers (1 Corinthians 14:5, 12, 26).

III. The goal of Leadership is also threefold (Ephesians 4:13-16).

A. It is to bring "all" (the saints) to a state of doctrinal unity ("the faith").

1. The “knowledge” belonging to the Son of God (2 Corinthians 10:5)

2. The “perfect man” is the end goal of this knowledge (James 3:2)

3. The “fullness of Christ” is the model (Romans 15:29)

B. It is to prevent constant immaturity and spiritual casualties.

1.Eliminating susceptibility to “every wind of doctrine” (2 Corinthians 11:4)

2. Preventing the deception of “cunning craftiness” (Colossians 2:8)

3. Protecting the “children” from “swelling words” (2 Peter 2:18; Jude 1:16)

C. It is to produce maturity by “speaking the truth in love”

1. The “unity of the Spirit”(Ephesians 4:3) and the “unity of the faith” Ephesians 4:13) is assumed in this maturation process.

2. The requirements of maturity assume the ability to “discern both good and evil” (Hebrews 5:12-14)

3. The end product is clearly identified.

a. The “whole body’ is working properly
b. The “effectual working” of “every joint” is functioning
c. The “increase of the body” is accomplished by “the edifying of itself in love”


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