The World Empires

I. There was a “KOSMOS” that has already been and has ended (2 Peter 3:5-6)

A. It “was of old” and by “the word of God” (Genesis 1-6; John 1:1-3; Colossians 1:16-17; Hebrews 1:2).

1. Physically much different than today’s environment (Genesis 2-3).

2. Spiritually much worse than today’s wickedness (Genesis 6:1-7).

3. Destroyed by water (Genesis 6 - 9; Isaiah 54:8-9; Matthew 24:37-39; Hebrews 11:7; 1 Peter 2:5).

B. It was an age of rebellion.

II. There exists “the heavens and earth that are now” (2 Peter 3:7-9).

A. It “groans and travails” (Romans 8:22).

1. It is “kept” (preserved) by “the same word” (creative power).

2. Its’ preservation is based on God’s longsuffering toward men.

3. It is destined to be destroyed by fire (2 Peter 3:10-12).

B. It is an age of redemption.

III. There will be a “new heavens and a new earth” (2 Peter 3:13).

A. It will be very different environmentally (Isaiah 65:17; Revelation 21:1).

1. Experience the personal presence of God (Revelation 21:2-3).

2. Be without pain, sorrow, or sinful inhabitants (Revelation 21:4-8).

B. It will be an age of righteousness.

IV. The Book of Daniel records four prophetic visions of World Empires, each providing insight into the then future sequence of events.

A. The Great Image of Nebuchadnezzar (Daniel 2)

1. Head of Gold – Nebuchadnezzar and Babylon (2:37-38)

2. Breast and Arms of Silver – (later shown to be Media/Persia)

3. Stomach and Sides of Brass – (later shown to be Greece)

4. Legs of Iron & Feet of mixed iron and clay – (later known to be Rome)

5. Stone Cut Without Hands – God’s Everlasting Kingdom (2:44-45)

B. The Four Great Beasts, the Little Horn, Ancient of Days, and the Son of Man (Daniel 7)

1. The Lion with Eagle’s wings (Daniel 7:4)

a. It had its wings plucked off.
b. It was lifted up from the earth.
c. It was made to stand on two feet and given a man’s heart.

2. The Bear raised up on one side (Daniel 7:5)

a. It has one side stronger than the other.
b. It shall suddenly appear – with 3 ribs between its teeth
c. It is given the authority to “devour much flesh.”

3. The Leopard with four heads and four wings (Daniel 7:6)

a. It had four wings like a bird on its back.
b. It had also four heads.
c. It was given dominion.

4. The Dreadful and Terrible Beast (Daniel 7:7)

a. It had huge iron teeth.
b. It was devouring, breaking in pieces, trampling with its feet.
c. It had nails of bronze (7:19)
d. It was different from all of the other beasts.
e. It had ten horns.  They rise up out of this kingdom (7:24)

4. Another “horn” rises up from among the ten horns (7:8,20-25)

a. He is different from the first ten (7:24)
b. He will subdue three kings – plucks up by roots (7:20)
c. He will speak “pompous” things against the Most High (7:25)
d. He will persecute the Saints of the Most High (7:21)
e. He will try to change times (appointments) and law (7:25)
f. He will triumph over the Saints for “time and times and half a time.” (Revelation 12:14 and 12:6; 11:3; Daniel 12:11)

C. The Ram and the Goat (Daniel 8) – More specific information (8:20-22)

1. The Ram (8:3-4). This is Media and Persia (8:20).

a. It had two horns – with one higher than the other one – higher horn came up last.
b. It had great power to “push” North, South, and West.
c. It did “according to its will” and became great; no delivery
d. It was overthrown by “the notable horn” of the Goat (8:5-7).

2. The Shaggy Male Goat (8:5-14). This is Greece (8:21).

a. It came from the West – across the whole surface of the Earth.
b. It did not touch the surface of the ground.
c. It had a “notable horn” between its eyes (Alexander the Great).
d. It attacked the Ram and destroyed it (Media/Persia).
e. It grew very great.

3. The large horn of the Goat was broken.

a. Four “notable horns” grew up out of the broken horn.
b. They came up toward the four winds of heaven.
c. They are four kingdoms out of the large horn (8:22)
d. They do not have the power of the large horn

4. Another horn grew out of the four horns (8:9-14).

a. It was a “little horn” at the start.
b. It will arise in the latter time of the four kingdoms (8:23)
c. It “grew exceedingly” toward the South and East and the “glorious land.”

5. That horn grew up to the “host of heaven;” a term used both of angels and Israel.

a. He cast down some of the host (Angels ? or People ?)
b. He cast down some of the stars (Leaders?) and trampled them
c. He will exalt himself as “Prince of the Host” (8:11,25)
d. He takes away the daily sacrifice – casts down the place of sanctuary.
e. He casts truth down to the ground – prospers for 2300 days (8:14)
f. He is exceedingly wicked and sinister (8:23-24)

D. The Fifth Kingdom represented by the “Little Stone” cut out of the mountain without hands is the Lord Jesus Christ (Daniel 2:34-35).

1. The Stone came against the feet of the image and destroyed it (2:34).

a. This takes place during the time of “those kings” (2:44).
b. The Stone then came against the remaining kingdoms of gold, silver, and brass and scattered them to the four winds (2:35)

2. The Stone then began to grow until it filled the whole earth (2:35).

3. The God of heaven sets up an eternal kingdom that will never be destroyed or taken over by another (2:44).

4. The Ancient of Days sits in judgment to implement the Kingdom of God and designate the Son of Man as the Ruler (7:9-10).

a. His clothing is pure – Revelation 1:13-16
b. He opens the books – Revelation 20:12
c. He is also identified in many other passages.
1) Isaiah 14:9; Ezekiel 26:16;
2) Matthew 19:28; Luke 22:30
3) Revelation 4:4; 11:16; 20:4

5. The “Son of Man” is presented to the Ancient of Days (7:13-14).

a. He is coming in the clouds of heaven.

1) Matthew 24:30; 26:64; Mark 14:62

b. He is given dominion and glory.

2) Revelation 11:15-18; 19:11-16
1) Isaiah 2:2-3; Micah 4:1-2; Zechariah 14:9

6. The Ancient of Days gives judgment to the Saints (7:22).

a. They are to possess the Kingdom.
b. They are to have dominion and greatness (7:27).
c. They are to have authority UNDER the Most High whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, all rulers will worship and obey Him (7:27).
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
ch. 2-8; c.f. 2 Peter 3


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