Ungodly Men

I. Jude provides a more detailed description of the “ungodly men.”

A. They are examples of leaders within local churches.

1. The challenge to “contend” is in the present tense (verse 3)

2. The “certain men” who “sneak in” apply to current leaders (verse 4)

3. The men are “like” the Old Testament examples

a. The unbelieving rebels of Israel’s exodus
b. The disobedient angels of the First Age
c. The wicked cities of Sodom and Gomorrah

4. The opening Greek phrase of verse 8 is interesting.

a. ‘Omoiwv mentoi kai (“resembling, nevertheless, even . . .”)
b. The emphasis clearly ties back to the three examples identified in verses 5 through 7.

B. They are called “dreamers” (Jeremiah 23:1-32).

1. Jeremiah fills this chapter with a condemnation of “the shepherds who destroy and scatter the sheep of My pasture!" (Jeremiah 23:1).

a. Jeremiah 23:2 – LORD God of Israel against the shepherds who feed My people
b. Jeremiah 23:9 – My heart within me is broken because of the prophets

2. Jeremiah outlines their character. "

a. They are profane (23:11) – For both prophet and priest are profane; Yes, in My house I have found their wickedness," says the LORD.
b. They are foolish (23:13) – "And I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria: They prophesied by Baal And caused My people Israel to err.
c. They are hypocritical (23:16) – Thus says the LORD of hosts: "Do not listen to the words of the prophets who prophesy to you. They make you worthless; They speak a vision of their own heart, Not from the mouth of the LORD.
d. They produce visions from their own heart (23:26) – "How long will this be in the heart of the prophets who prophesy lies? Indeed they are prophets of the deceit of their own heart

2. Jeremiah outlines their activity.

a. They scatter the people (23:2) – "You have scattered My flock, driven them away, and not attended to them. Behold, I will attend to you for the evil of your doings," says the LORD.
b. They are sensually wicked (23:14) – Also I have seen a horrible thing in the prophets of Jerusalem: They commit adultery and walk in lies; They also strengthen the hands of evildoers, So that no one turns back from his wickedness. All of them are like Sodom to Me, And her inhabitants like Gomorrah.
c. They are operating under their own plans (23:21) – "I have not sent these prophets, yet they ran. I have not spoken to them, yet they prophesied.”

3. Jeremiah outlines their counsel.

a. They forecast only good things (23:17) – They continually say to those who despise Me, ‘The LORD has said, "You shall have peace;" And to everyone who walks according to the dictates of his own heart, they say, ‘No evil shall come upon you.’"
b. They implant suspicion about God’s Word (23:18) – For who has stood in the counsel of the LORD, And has perceived and heard His word? Who has marked His word and heard it?  (23:30, 31) – "Therefore behold, I am against the prophets," says the LORD, "who steal My words every one from his neighbor . . . . who use their tongues and say, ‘He says.’
c. They encourage cultic mentality (23:27) – "who try to make My people forget My name by their dreams which everyone tells his neighbor, as their fathers forgot My name for Baal.

4. Peter clearly draws a parallel (2 Peter 2:1).

a. Peter parallels their description (Jude 4-7 & 2 Peter 2:1-9).
b. Peter adds some new terms and concepts (2 Peter 2:1-3).
1) They are called “false teachers” (vs. 1) – But there were also false prophets among the people, even as there will be false teachers among you
2) They bring in “damnable heresies” (vs. 1) – who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Lord who bought them, and bring on themselves swift destruction.
3) They cause the way of truth to be blasphemed (vs. 2) – And many will follow their destructive ways, because of whom the way of truth will be blasphemed.
4) They exploit with deceptive words (vs. 3) – By covetousness they will exploit you with deceptive words; for a long time their judgment has not been idle, and their destruction does not slumber.

C. They are said to “defile the flesh.”

1. Paul provides further insight (Titus 1:15-16) – to those who are defiled and unbelieving nothing is pure; but even their mind and conscience are defiled. They profess to know God, but in works they deny Him, being abominable, disobedient, and disqualified for every good work.

2. Peter amplifies the point (2 Peter 2:10,11) – and especially those who walk according to the flesh in the lust of uncleanness and despise authority. They are presumptuous, self-willed. They are not afraid to speak evil of dignitaries, whereas angels, who are greater in power and might, do not bring a reviling accusation against them before the Lord.

a. They are presumptuous (compare Psalm 19:13 – Keep back Your servant also from presumptuous sins; Let them not have dominion over me. Then I shall be blameless, And I shall be innocent of great transgression.)
b. They are self-willed (contrast Titus 1:7) – For a bishop must be blameless, as a steward of God, not self-willed . . .

D. They “despise dominions and speak evil of dignities.”

1. The Jews provided an example (Acts 13:45) – But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy; and contradicting and blaspheming, they opposed the things spoken by Paul.

2. The unsaved nations demonstrate the attitude (Revelation 16:6-21) – For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets . . . . They blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and did not repent of their deeds . . . . Men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, since that plague was exceedingly great.

3. The activity is self deceptive (2 Peter 2:12-19).

a. They do not understand what they say (vs. 12) – But these, like natural brute beasts made to be caught and destroyed, speak evil of the things they do not understand
b. They laugh about their own deception (vs. 13) – who count it pleasure to carouse in the daytime. They are spots and blemishes, carousing in their own deceptions while they feast with you,
c. They are unstable souls (vs. 14) – that cannot cease from sin, enticing unstable souls.
d. They have forsaken the right way (vs. 15) – They have forsaken the right way and gone astray
e. They use carnal means to motivate (vs. 18) – they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through lewdness, the ones who have actually escaped from those who live in error.
f. They promise liberty, but are enslaved to corruption (vs. 19) – they themselves are slaves of corruption; for by whom a person is overcome, by him also he is brought into bondage

II. Jude provides a fourth example of warning (Jude 9-10)

A. They function with a presumptuous character.

1. Michael and Lucifer are both leaders of angelic hosts.

2. Michael, though certainly capable, did not rebuke Satan.

a. He was not “bold” to do so.
b. He remained satisfied with the Lord’s control.

B. They “blaspheme” about things they do not know (2 Peter 2:12).

1. The natural mind does not comprehend (1 Corinthians 2:14) – But the natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; nor can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.

2. The mind and conscience is defiled (Titus 1:15-16; Ephesians 2:3).

3. The natural knowledge is unworkable (1 Corinthians 4:6,18,19; 8:1).

C. They are like “brute beasts.”

1 The word “brute” means “without reason.”

2. The word “beast” means “living creature.”

3. They are made to be destroyed.

D. They corrupt themselves (Ephesians 4:22).

1. They “defile” God’s temple (1 Corinthians 3:17).

2. They “corrupt” their habits (1 Corinthians 15:33).

3. They “corrupt their minds” (2 Corinthians 11:3) – But I fear, lest somehow, as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, so your minds may be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.

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