No Idols

I. The Second Commandment is amplified in the Old Testament Scriptures.

A. There are further restrictions in Exodus 20:23-26.

1. No gods are to be constructed out of silver or gold.

2. No tool is to be employed in the making of an altar.

3. No unusual height is to be employed for the altar.

B. There are repetitions in Leviticus 26:1 and Deuteronomy 5:8-10.

1. Idolatry is called an abomination (Deuteronomy 27:15).

2. Idolatry is amplified for its wickedness (Deuteronomy 4:15-24; Isaiah 40:18-31).

3. Idolatry is shown to be foolish (Isaiah 44:9-20; Habakkuk 2:18-20).

4. Idolatry is pathetically illustrated (Judges 17-18).

C. There are several Biblical reasons why idolatry is forbidden.

1. God is too great to attempt to visualize (Exodus 34:5-7).

3. God sees idolatry as rebellion (Jeremiah 5:19-25).

2. God warns disobedient Christians of judgment (Psalm 89:30-34).

D. There at the Golden Calf idolatry is clearly demonstrated (Exodus 32).

1. God’s people will “fall away” if not committed (Exodus 32:1)

a. The “cares of this world” (Luke 8:13-14)
b. The “heart of unbelief” (Hebrews 3:12)

2. God’s people will “gather together” when not challenged.

a. Moses was “delayed” by God (Exodus 32:1)
1) Had forgotten about God’s miracles.
2) Had not seen God’s leader for a long time (Exodus 24:18)
b. Aaron gave in to wrong demands (Exodus 32:2-6)
1) “Everybody” complained and “everybody” gave to the project.
2) “Everybody” delighted in the familiar god from their past.
3) “Everybody” worshiped the idol as the “LORD.”

3. God’s people will “turn aside quickly” from God (Exodus 32:7)

a. They give their own valuables to idol worship.
b. They turned worship into sensual play (Exodus 32:6, 18, 25).
c. They incurred the LORD’s anger (Exodus 32:10, 12, 14).

4. God’s leaders can be turned to idolatry too.

a. Aaron led the change in worship (Exodus 32:2-4)
b. Aaron “saw” positive response to idolatry
1) He built an alter for the idol (32:5)
2) He “proclaimed” a celebration to commemorate
3) He lied to protect himself (32:24)

5. God demands absolute separation from idolatry (Exodus 32:26-29)

a. Moses calls for separation among the people (32:26, 29)
1) “Who is on the LORD’s side”?
2) “The sons of Levi” came to Moses
b. Moses called for an execution of all idolaters (32:27).
1) Those on the “LORD’s side” obeyed
2) Those idolaters (3,000) were executed (32:28)

II. The Second Commandment extended in the New Testament Scriptures.

A. Idolatry is an effort to ignore God and His creation.

1. Acts 17:22-29 presents the argument against idolatry.

a. God does not dwell in man-made temples.
b. God is not worshiped by what man can make.
c. God made all the nations and is Sovereign over them.
d. God is Man’s Creator.

2. Romans 1:18-32 discusses the heart attitude of an idolater.

a. They hold the truth in unrighteousness (1:18).
b. They will not glorify God as God (1:21).
c. They change God's glory into a creature (1:23).
d. They change God's truth into a lie (1:25).
e. They worship and serve the creature rather than the Creator (1:25).
f. They do not like to retain God in their knowledge (1:28).
g. They have pleasure among other idolaters (1:32).

B. Idolatry is much broader than mere image worship.

1. Idolatry applies to sensual satisfaction (1 Corinthians 10:5-31)

a. The "examples" include: "the people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to play" (10:7).
b. The parallel of fornication (10:8), tempting Christ (10:9) murmuring (10:10) is part of idolatry (See Ephesians 5:5; Colossians 3:5).
c. The warning in 10:11-14 applies to all the aspects of idolatry.
d. The section from 10:14-31 connects improper observance of the Lord's Supper with idolatry.

2. Idolatry embraces the world’s ideals (2 Corinthians 6:14-18).

a. The comparisons in verse 14‑16 are equating idolatry.
b. The temple is the Christian's body (I Corinthians 3:16, 17). Therefore, we must:
1) Come out (“escape”) from among them (1 Corinthians 5:9-11; Hebrews 11:8, 15 and 13:13).
2) Be separate (“limited by boundary”) (Luke 6:22-23; Acts 13:2 and 19:9).
3) Touch not the unclean (Romans 1:24; 6:19; 2 Corinthians 12:21; Ephesians 4:17-19).

3. Idolatry has its source in the “old man,” the “flesh,” and the “heart”

a. The “old man” is corrupt (Ephesians 4:22)
1) We are conceived in iniquity (Psalm 51:5)
2) We walked in iniquity (1 Peter 4:3)
b. The “flesh” cannot please God (Romans 8:8)
1) It serves the law of sin (Romans 7:25)
2) It will lead to death (Romans 8:13)
c. The “heart” is desperately wicked (Jeremiah 17:9)
1) It is the source of wickedness (Mark 7:21-23)
2) It will generate destructive pride (Obadiah 1:3)

C. Idolatry is overcome when we walk after the Spirit (Romans 8:1)

1. Isaiah 54:17 – no weapon form against us can prosper.

2. Amos 5:14 – seek good…and the Lord will be with us.

3. I Corinthians 10:14 – God provides a way of escape

4. 1 John 4:4 – God is greater than the Enemy

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20:4 6


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