Jacob Obtains the Blessing

I. Isaac is Old (Genesis 27:1). 

A. The time of this event is of some significance – but determining the time is difficult.

1. Isaac was 180 years old when he died (Genesis 35:28).

a. He is 60 at the birth of the boys (Genesis 25:26)
b. Jacob and Esau are at least 40 (Genesis 26:34)
c. Jacob is 130 when he went into Egypt (Genesis 47:9)
1) Jacob is 20 years in land of Haran (31:41) in exile
2) Joseph born in exile as last son in Haran (31:34-35) – 14+ years – date of birth not known.
3) Joseph (Jacobs son) is 17 when he goes to Egypt (Genesis 37:2)
4) Joseph is 30 when he begins to reign in Egypt (Genesis 41:46)
5) Seven years of plenty before famine (41:53)
6) Three trips into Egypt- then to Goshen (3 years?)
7) Isaac is 100 (60 + 40) at marriage of Esau (26:34)
8) Jacob is 130 at entry into Egypt (47:9)
9) Subtract 20 for Jacob’s years in exile
10) Subtract 22 for Joseph’s reign in Egypt

2. Jacob is at approximately 88.  Isaac is 148.

a. Isaac loves Esau
1) In spite of God’s prophecy to the contrary (25:23)
2) In spite of Esau’s evil behavior (27:46; Hebrews 12:16).
b. Rebecca favors (“loves”) Jacob because of his character (25:28).
1) Jacob was a “plain” man, dwelling in tents (25:27)
2) Hebrew word is TAM = “perfect” or “complete”
3) Jacob behaved like Job – a “perfect” and “upright” man.  All the additional references in the Bible where TAM is used verify this “upright” and “undefiled” character.
c. Esau has “sold” and “despised” the Birthright (25:34).

II. The “Stealing” of the Blessing (Genesis 27).

A. Isaac calls Esau and prepares to give him the blessing (27:1-4).

1. The Birthright has already been sold to Jacob.

2. The Blessing is the transfer of the covenant to Abraham and spiritual responsibility through whom “THE” seed will come.

a. This the blessing that will bless all the families of the earth (Genesis 12) – (Romans 9:8)
b. This is the blessing that will come through “the” seed (Galatians 3:19) – the Messiah

3. Isaac is about to defy all the prophetic and specific experience that he knows about Esau, merely to indulge his own physical appetite for wild game meat.  This is a terrible action and decision – and will be perpetrated unless something intervenes.

B. Rebecca initiates the “Plot” to deceive Isaac, NOT Jacob. (Genesis 27:5-11).

1. She is the one who overhears the plan by Isaac to bless Esau.

2. She insists that Jacob “obey her voice” in caring out the plan to thwart Isaac.

3. She is the one who prepares the food and the fake clothing for Jacob.

4. She is obviously worried that her husband is about to make a grave mistake in open defiance of God’s plan for the chosen seed.

5. Jacob objects (27:11-12) and is adjured by Rebecca to “obey.”

6. NEITHER of them stands to gain from this deception.

a. Rebecca never sees her favorite son again.
b. Jacob loses wealth from the birthright and is driven in to exile.
c. Rebecca must endure “grief” from Esau and from Isaac for years.
d. It is 20 years before Jacob returns and nearly 40 before peace finally comes to the household in Egypt.

C. Jacob’s lie before Isaac is to PREVENT an atrocity, NOT to gain wealth.

1. The lie if bold and wrong: the reason is cautious and correct.

2. Jacob had to endure three “lies” to convince Isaac that Esau was in Isaac’s presence.  The fear must have been palpable.

3. Finally, Isaac acquiesces and “Blesses” – whom he thought to be Esau – in spite of all the evidence that Esau was NOT worthy nor was the one chosen by God to receive the blessing.

D. Jacob is finally blessed by Isaac with the blessing that he was supposed to have (25:23) – (Genesis 27:28-29).

1. God’s blessing of the earth and heaven.

2. God’s blessing of nations and rulership.

3. God’s blessing of authority over the family of the Seed.

4. God’s blessing of worldwide blessing and protection.

E. Esau attempts to regain the blessing and is unable to repent.

1. When Isaac knew what had happened (27:33) he “trembled very exceedingly” and noted that “he shall be blessed.”

2. After all had transpired Isaac called Jacob and reiterated the blessing (Genesis 28:3-4), recognizing God’s hand in what had happened – apparently in repentance for what he had sought to implement.

3. Esau, however, remained bitter until his death, and never forgave or forgot – he kept a “root of bitterness” (Hebrews 12:15) that “defiled” him completely.

4. Esau gave a “great and exceeding bitter cry” (27:34) when he found out that he had truly lost.  He admitted that he had been “supplanted” (take by the heel) – a play on the event at the time of their birth (25:23-26).

5. Esau also acknowledged that both the Birthright and the Blessing had now been “taken” (received) by Jacob – and Esau “hated Jacob because of the blessing” (27:41).

III. Question: could this “lie” been prevented;  Would God have developed another way?  What can we learn from this series of events?

A. There are several examples of “unusual” circumstances recorded in Scripture that appear to be “wrong” to bring about “right” events.

1. The Israelite Midwives (Exodus 1:17)

2. Tamar, prostituted by Judah, is in the line of Messiah (38:24)

3. Rahab the Harlot (Joshua 6:25) in the line of the Messiah

3. Jael who killed Sissera (Judges 4:18)

4. Many bad kings to do God’s will on Israel and Judah.

5. A “lying sprit” sent to deceive the prophets (1 Kings 22:22-23).

B. Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man: (James 1:13)

C. In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began; (Titus 1:2)

D. That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us: (Hebrews 6:18)

E.  And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent: (Act 17:30)

F. Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; (Romans 3:25

G. The Ninth Commandment (thou shalt not bear false witness - Exodus 20:16) is specifically focused on a trial setting trying to potential harm to a known acquaintance.  It is not directed toward mere falsehood.  There are other principles in Scripture that cover this: Matthew 5:34; James 5:12.

H. Truth is the IDEAL for all of God’s people.  We are to be “holy” as He is holy.  God can justify no other standard, but HE will use “all things” (Romans 8:28).

The Patriarchs
ch. 27


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