Isaac and His Family

I. The life of Isaac is one of contrasts (Genesis 25-28). 

A. Isaac's obedience is a picture of Christ.

1. He is the "only" son: the "beloved" son: the "promised" heir.

2. He is unquestioning in his obedience (22:7-8).

3. He voluntarily lays down his life (22:9).

B. Isaac had great evidence of God's presence and promise.

1. He had firsthand knowledge of God's plan (26:2-35; 28:1-4).

2. He had personal instruction in faith (18:19).

3. He had been carefully warned about error (22:18; 17:1).

4. He had a special bride and evidence of God's sovereignty (24:67).

5. He had God's answer to specific prayer for children (25:21).

C. Isaac, in spite of his knowledge, "loved Esau" (Genesis 25:28).

1. He knew that God had chosen the younger child (25:23).

2. He knew that Esau was ungodly (27:46).

3. He knew that Esau had married pagan wives (26:34).

D. Isaac was determined to give the “Birthright” to Esau (27:1-4).

1. In spite of God’s answer to his prayer (25:21)

2. In spite of God’s prophecy to the contrary (25:23)

3. In spite of Esau’s rejection of that birthright (25:34)

E. Isaac finally gave the blessing to Jacob (27:28-33).

1. He would have blessed Esau.

2. He would have gone against God's command.

3. He "trembled exceedingly" (27:33) when he knew that he had been overruled by God.

4. He, apparently, repented of his rebellion.

a) He admitted to the reality (27:37).
b) He submitted to the consequences (27:39-40).
c) He instructed Jacob in righteousness (28:1-5).

II. The life of Esau was the life of a total pagan.

A. Esau was "a cunning hunter" (25:27).

1. There was no need, no good to accomplish.

2. It only served to show off athletic prowess.

3. He is a "man of the field" (25:27)...not of work.

B. Esau "despised his birthright" (25:34).

1. It would have granted rulership of the household.

2. It would have granted priesthood and spiritual authority.

C. Esau was a polygamist (26:34; 27:46).

1. He married pagans (Hittites 26:34).

2. He was a "grief" to Isaac and Rebecca (27:46).

D. Esau was sexually wicked (Hebrews 12:16).

1. He was a "fornicator" (male prostitute).

2. He was "profane" (heathenish, wicked).

III. The life of Jacob gives long-suffering service (Genesis 28-33).

A. Jacob is unjustly maligned for his deception of Isaac.

1. The sin of Isaac and Esau is infinitely greater.

2. The blessing on Isaac was for Abraham's sake (26:5, 24).

3. The intention of Jacob and Rebecca was to prevent horrible disobedience and catastrophe.

a) Midwives:  Exodus 1:15-20
b) Rahab:  Joshua 2:3-6; 6:25

4. The action would give no temporal advantage and was taken at great personal risk.

5. The deception is not rebuked by God, and Jacob is honored by God far more than Isaac.

a. Use of the names is telling
1) Isaac – 123 times
2) Abraham – 230 times
3) Jacob – 345 times
b. “Jacob” and “Israel” are equal terms for God’s people.
1) Micah 1:5; 2:12; 3:1, 8, 9
2) Romans 11:26 and many other Scriptures

B. Jacob spends twenty years in exile and servitude.

1. He receives God's personal repeat of the covenant.

2. He vows to serve God (28:20-22).

3. He serves Laban (his uncle) for Rachel and Leah (chapter 29).

4. He fathers twelve sons and one daughter (29:31 - 30:24).

5. He acquires wealth by God's intervention and Jacob's careful attention to detail (30:25-43).

6. He leaves suddenly with confidence in God (31:4-9, 36-42).

C. Jacob meets Esau and enters Canaan.

1. He prays fervently for protection (32:7-12).

2. He receives personal assurance from God (32:24-30).

3. He reconciles with Esau, but does not go back with Esau (chapter 33).

Series: 
The Patriarchs
Lesson: 
#11
Book: 
Genesis
Verses: 
ch. 25-33

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