Guard Your Deposit

I. The basic structure of II Timothy is a series of instructions followed by promises.

A. The 1st command required obedience.

1. The 1st command is: “stir up the gift of God” (2 Timothy 1:6).

2. We MUST take an active role to “stir up” the fire of God’s gift.

3. We are given “power” and “love” and “a sound mind.”

B. The 2nd command requires a proper attitude toward the ministry.

1. Confidence in the “testimony of our Lord” is required.

2. Commitment to the “Gospel” is required

a. The Gospel of the Kingdom – looks ahead to the promise and inheritance (Matthew 4:23)
b The Gospel of Christ – looks on the substitution and resurrection (1 Corinthians 15:1-4)
c. The Everlasting Gospel – rests on the One who Created all things (Revelation 14:6)

3. Conscious of the afflictions of the Gospel is required.

4. Celebrate the position and promise of our calling.

a. We are saved to the uttermost (Hebrews 7:25)
b. We are called with a holy calling before time began.
c. We should KNOW the one in whom we have believed.
d. We should be PERSUADED that God is able to KEEP us.

II. The 3rd command is expressed two ways (II Timothy 1:13-14).

A. Hold fast the form of sound words.

1. The “form” can be understood as a pattern or outline.

a. Jesus Christ is the ultimate “pattern” (1 Timothy 1:16)
b. HUPOTUPOSIS insists on following an example.
1) But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you. (Romans 6:17)
2) Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come. (1 Corinthians 10:11)
3) Brethren, be followers together of me, and mark them which walk so as ye have us for an ensample. (Philippians 3:17)

2. The “sound words” are focused on bringing “wholeness.”

a. And Jesus answering said unto them, they that are whole need not a physician; but they that are sick. I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.  (Luke 5:31-32)
b. If there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine (1 Timothy 1:10)

B. Keep the “good thing” that was given.

1. The “good thing” certainly refers to the “gift” received (2 Timothy 1:6).

2. The “good thing” probably refers to the broader gift (2 Timothy 1:7)

3. The gift(s) are to be “kept” (guarded) by the Holy Spirit.

a. The action and responsibility are ours.
b. The means by which we obey is the presence of the Holy Spirit.

III. The command is based on our “possessing” the wholesome words of God.

A. This is certainly based on Christ’s own teaching.

1. Matthew 13:11-12 -- Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.  For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. (Answer to the question: “why teach in parables?”)

a. We are provided the “mysteries” of the Kingdom.
b. We are warned that we will lose what we “have” if we don’t “hold fast.”

2. Mark 4:24-24 -- And he said unto them, Take heed what ye hear: with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you: and unto you that hear shall more be given.  For he that hath, to him shall be given: and he that hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he hath. (Illustration on the use of a candle)

a. We are warned about listening to the wrong information.
b. We are told that there is a direct ratio to our “listening”
c. We are promised more if we “hold fast” to what we know.

3. Luke 8:17-18 -- For nothing is secret, that shall not be made manifest; neither any thing hid, that shall not be known and come abroad.  Take heed therefore how ye hear: for whosoever hath, to him shall be given; and whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken even that which he seemeth to have (Parable of the Sower of the Seed)

a. We are warned about “how” we hear.
b. We are promised more if we “hold fast” to our good behavior.

B. This is amplified in other passages.

1. Unskillful and inexperienced Christians “hold fast” to milk (Hebrews 5:12-14)

a. Needed repetition is an indicator of “baby” Christians.
b. Baby food feeds “unskillful” righteousness.
c. Strong food can only be tolerated by those who “exercise” their senses and are able to “discern” the difference between good and evil.

2. Sound words are applied in “faith and love.”

a. Jude 1:20-21 -- But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost, keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.
b. Ephesians 3:17-19 -- That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all saints what is the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; and to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.
c. Colossians 2:6-8 --As ye have therefore received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk ye in him: rooted and built up in him, and stablished in the faith, as ye have been taught, abounding therein with thanksgiving.  Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.

IV. The command requires “keeping” the good (thing) that was “committed” to us.

A. The word choices are important.

1. KALOS is widely used (mostly as an adjective) to identify what God approves.

a. This references the “gift” mentioned earlier (2 Timothy 1:6-7)
b. This is also used in a broader context.
1) We are not to be weary in “well doing” (Galatians 6:9)
2) We are to “prove. . .hold fast” to the “good” (1 Thessalonians 5:21)

2. PARAKATATHEKE is a “deposit” entrusted to someone or something.

a. And he bought fine linen, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which was hewn out of a rock, (Mark 15:46)
b. O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust, avoiding profane and vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called (1 Timothy 6:20)

3. PHULASSO emphasizes guard duty.

a. Blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it. (Luke 11:28)
b. And when the blood of thy martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by, and consenting unto his death, and kept the raiment of them that slew him  (Acts 22:20)
c. And when we came to Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard: but Paul was suffered to dwell by himself with a soldier that kept him. (Acts 28:16)
d But the Lord is faithful, who shall stablish you, and keep you from evil. (2 Thessalonians 3:3)

B. The summary of these instructions are important to grasp.

1. Be careful that you do not lose your reward (2 John 6-8; Revelation 3:11))

a. Lifestyle of obedience
b. Aware of deceivers and deception
c. Pay attention to yourself
d. Don’t lose what you have earned – even your crown.

2. Be certain to hold firmly to what you have gained (Revelation 2:18-25).

a. Don’t allow false teachers in your church or relationships.
b. All of us will be judged by our deeds.
c. Hold firmly to what you now possess.

V. The command is illustrated by two human examples (2 Timothy 1:15-18)

A. The leaders in Asia turned away from the ministry.

1. Pygellus and Hermogenes are named as a source of harm and failure.

2. 2 Corinthians 1:8 -- For we would not, brethren, have you ignorant of our trouble which came to us in Asia, that we were pressed out of measure, above strength, insomuch that we despaired even of life

3. Demas, Hymenaeus, and Alexander were others who failed to “keep” the “good:

a. 2 Timothy 4:10  For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonic.
b. 1 Timothy 1:20 -- Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I have delivered unto Satan, that they may learn not to blaspheme.
c. 2 Timothy 4:14 -- Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works:

B. The former slave, Onesiphorus, is cited for his personal ministry to Paul.

1. He “often refreshed” Paul.

2. He was “not ashamed” of Paul’s imprisonment.

3. He searched for Paul “very diligently” until successful.

4. He had already established a good reputation at Ephesus.

5. He was interceded for and honored for his faithfulness.

VI. The means to obey to these commands are clear in Scripture.

A. Guard against error.

1. 2 Peter 3:17 -- seeing ye know these things before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness.

2. Colossians 2:8 -- Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world

B. Continue learning Truth.

1. Proverbs 2:2-4 -- incline thine ear unto wisdom, and apply thine heart to understanding; Yea, if thou criest after knowledge, and liftest up thy voice for understanding; If thou seekest her as silver, and searchest for her as for hid treasures

2. Isaiah 28:9-10 -- Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts. For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little

C. Maintain spiritual focus.

1. Colossians 3:1-2 -- If ye then be risen with Christ, seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God. Set your affection on things above, not on things on the earth.

2. Hebrews 12:1-2 -- Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us, looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

2 Timothy


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