The Flood and the Second Age

I. The Bible identifies three “Ages.”

A. The “World that Was” (2 Peter 3:6)

1. This was the beautiful world after Creation.

2. This was the awful “Age” of Rebellion.

B. The “Heavens and the Earth which are now” (2 Peter 3:7)

1. This is our world after the great Flood.

2. This is the “Age” of Redemption.

C. The “New Heavens and a New Earth” (2 Peter 3:13)

1. This is the world remade after its destruction.

2. This is the “Age” of Righteousness.

II. The differences between the 1st and 2nd Age are vast.

A. The physical universe, while decaying under God’s curse, was still operating under the perfect design of God’s initial creation.

1. The environment was pristine, without pollution, and favored longevity.

2. The animal life forms were genetically superior, without mutations.

3. The climate was uniformly temperate, without seasonal cycles and storms.

B. The spiritual universe, now split into two warring factions, was dominating the life and activity of Men.

1. The “Principalities” of the angelic world began an attempt to build a “master race” through controlled procreation (Genesis 1:1-4; Jude 6; Ephesians 6:12; 2 Peter 2:4).

2. The “heart” of man became “only evil continually” (Genesis 6: 5-6, 11-12).

3. The civilization was sophisticated and self-centered (Genesis 4:16-24).

4. The “Days of Noah” have been identified by Jesus as the epitome of rebellion and will mark the period just before the beginning of the Third Age (Matthew 24:34-39.; Luke 17:20-27; 1 Peter 3:20).

III. The Flood of Noah destroyed “the World that was” (2 Peter 3:6).

A. The Bible clearly teaches a worldwide flood.

1. The words describe a universal flood (Genesis 7:17-18).

a. Expressions of universality occur more than thirty (30) times in Genesis 6-9.
b. The Hebrew word MABBUWL is uniquely used of the Genesis Flood (Used 12 times in Genesis 6-11).
c. The construction, outfitting and stocking of the Ark would have been preposterous in the setting of a local flood.
1) The Ark was at least 450 feet long, 75 feet wide and 50 feet high: 1,518,750 cubic feet.
2) The Ark designed as barge; “chest”
3) The Ark was purposely covered with “pitch,” an unknown substance designed to preserve.
4) The Ark was the largest marine vessel built until the 19th century.

2. The design was to destroy all air-breathing life (Genesis 7:19-23).

a. The waters covered all the "high hills" and the "mountains" and "prevailed exceedingly" over the earth.
b. All flesh died; every man outside the ark died; every living substance was destroyed.

3. The Bible verifies the Flood in various passages.

a. God promised never to send such a flood again (Genesis 8:21, 9:11, 15) ... broken if local.
b. Later Bible writers accepted the universal Flood  (Job 12:15; Psalm 29:10, 104:6-9; Isaiah 54:9).
c. The New Testament uses a unique Greek word for the Genesis Flood, KATAKLUSMOS, instead of the regular word, PLEMMURA (Matthew 24:39; Luke 17:27; 2 Peter 2:5, 3:6).
d. The Lord Jesus accepted the historicity and universality of the Genesis Flood (Matthew 24:37-39; Luke 17:26, 27).

B. The Biblical description of the Flood is terrifying (Genesis 7:2 - 8:2).

1. The event took everyone (except Noah) by surprise.

2. The subterranean reservoirs broke open.

a. Volcanic eruptions blew the Earth’s crust into the atmosphere.
b. Magma flows inundated the land surface.
c. Unimaginable waves of water flooded the surface.

3. The vapor canopy collapsed in a torrential, worldwide rain that lasted for forty continuous days.

a. This is no longer possible…not enough water vapor in the atmosphere to last more than three or four days
b. The water was sufficient to cover the tops of all the mountains.

4. The Flood lasted more than one year.

a. The floodwaters actually increased in depth for one hundred and fifty days (Genesis 7:24).
b. The waters continued to cover the mountain tops for another seventy four days (Genesis 8:5).
c. The flood was sufficiently strong to keep Noah from leaving the Ark for an additional one hundred and forty seven days (Genesis 8:14).
d. The flood, in its entirety, lasted 371 days!

IV. The Second Age begins with Noah and his three sons.

A. The Post Flood age is radically different.

1. The physical world is much different.

a. Oceans are much bigger--all flood waters (1/2 before)
b. No vapor canopy--temperature differentials inaugurated
c. Mountain ranges uplifted--most bear evidence of youth
d. Winds and storms now possible--rain and snow
e. More hostile environment--harmful radiation--decreased longevity
f. Huge glaciers, rivers, lakes--gradual approach to semi-aridity
g. Barren lands for some time

2. The life span is much shorter.

a. Noah lived 950 years.
b. Shem lived 600 years.
c. Arphaxad, Salah, Eber lived 450+ years.
d. Peleg, Reu, Serug, lived 230+ years.
e. Nahor, Terah, Abraham lived 175+ years.

B. The Biblical chronology is helpful for perspective.

1. The flood occurred no less than 1,656 years after creation; approximately 2,500 to 2,350 BC.

2. The confusion of Babel took place approximately 100 years after the flood.

3. Abraham was born ~ 300 years after the flood.

C. The population explosion is worth noting.

1. The first generation record lists 16 sons (Genesis 10:2, 5, 22)

2. There may have been more sons than those listed and many daughters as well.

3. The rate of that population increase was at ~ 500%.

4. A rate of only 8% would produce 9,000 people from the families of Noah’s three sons in those 100 years.

5. The population of Nimrod’s Babel would have been significant.

D. The three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, are the forefathers of all humanity on the Earth today.

1. Present people groups are descended from the three sons of Noah (Genesis 9:18-19).

a. Shem: the "Semitic" nations (Jews, Arabs, Syrians, Assyrians, Babylonians, etc.)
b. Japheth: the Indo-Europeans
c. Ham: the Egyptians, Sumerians, Phoenicians, Hittites, Canaanites; Africans, Mongols, the American Indians, etc.

2. Present language groups are the result of God's intervention at the Tower of Babel (Genesis 11:1-9).

a. Nimrod ("Let us Rebel!") becomes the leader of the population (Genesis 10:8-12).
b. Babel becomes the chief city and center for an ungodly worship of the "Host of Heaven" (Genesis 11:4, 9).
c. Unity of the people was made possible and rebellion encouraged by a common language (Genesis 11:6).
d. Division occurred around the seventy "families" listed in Genesis 10:5-32.

3. Present physical characteristics are the result of such forced separation and subsequent genetic isolation.

a. The genetic isolation of the families would produce rapid dominant traits in each group.
b. The enforced social and cultural isolation would require extreme living conditions (cave men) for a short while.
c. The “races” (a term coined by Charles Darwin to describe sub-human species) are not Biblically relevant.

V. There was an early attempt to re-establish rebellion.

A. The key figure of evil is Nimrod (Genesis 10:8-10).

1. Nimrod is in the third generation of Ham.

2. Uz is in the third generation of Shem (Job was in the land of Uz).

a. Nimrod was known as a "mighty one" (Hebrew: GIBBOR, "tyrant," "warrior," "champion").
b. Nimrod was known as a "mighty hunter" = hero.
c. Nimrod lived 400+ years and established many cities and a great kingdom (Genesis 10:10).

B. The people settled in Shinar, or Sumer (Genesis 11:2).

1. They began to build a city and unite around Nimrod (Genesis 11:3).

2. They began to build a tower and worship the "host of heaven" (Genesis 11:4).

a. Zodiac...corruption of the message in the heavens
b. Astrology and priestly oligarchy
c. Nimrod...chief priest and deity (Marduk)
d. Queen Semiaramis...wife and cult worship

3. They wanted to "make a name" for themselves (Genesis 11:4) in pride and rebellion against God.

C. The confusion of language was God's enforced obedience.

1. The people were refusing to obey the order to "fill the earth" (Genesis 9:7 contrast 11:4).

2. The purpose was to prevent human unity in rebellion and to enforce settlement of the Earth (Genesis 11:6-9).

D. Babel becomes the prototype of wickedness and rebellion (Revelation 17:5).  The influence of man-centered rebellion against God is at the root of all evil (Romans 1:20-25).

In the Beginning


Living in His Light and His Love

A Life of Loving God's Word in Psalm 119

The Power and Perseverance of Grace

A New You and a New Life

A series of lessons on chapters 1-11 of Genesis

The People and Power of Christ

A series of lessons on the lives of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph

A series on the book of Revelation

Loving God and Loving Others in Exodus 20

Go to top