Enoch versus the Ungodly Men

I. Jude uses Enoch to demonstrate the antiquity of the sentence upon the ungodly men.

 A. Enoch is mentioned in four different sections of Scripture.

1. He is identified by Jude as “the 7th from Adam.”

a. This is not the Enoch born to Cain (Genesis 4:17).
b. This is not the Enos born to Seth (Genesis 4:26).
c. This is the Enoch born to Jared (Genesis 5:18).

2. He is listed again in Luke’s genealogy (Luke 3:37).

3. He is biographically sketched in Genesis 5:18-24.

a. He is the son of Jared (Genesis 5:18).
b. He is the father of Methuselah (Genesis 5:21).
c. He “walked” with God—a term which denotes close companionship.
1) Noah is also identified as one who walked with God (Genesis 6:9).
2) Levi, as the head of the priestly line and used figuratively of the Lord Jesus, is so designated (Malachi 2:6).
d. He “was not” because God “took” him.
1) The verb structure demands the idea of a sudden disappearance (compare Genesis 42:13, 36).
2) The same type of event happened to Elijah (2 Kings 2:3, 9-11).
3) The similar “suddenness” of death is described (Psalm 73:24).

4 He is discussed in Hebrews 11:5.

a. His translation experience is verified.
b. His faithful and pleasing life before God is verified.

B. Enoch’s message of the 2nd Coming is unusual.

1. The source of the information is unknown.

 a. Some would suggest that it came from “The Book of Enoch.”
1) This book appears to have been known to some of the early church fathers: Justin, Irenaeus, Clement, Origen, and Augustine. Tertullian quotes it as a book not admitted to the Jewish canon, but worth reading.
2) This book was unknown during The Middle Ages.
3) This book was “discovered” in the late 1700’s in Abyssinia of Ethiopia.  It appears to have been made from the Greek and was translated into English in 1821.
4) It appears to have a large “missing” passage when compared to a fragment quoted by Syncellus (792).
5) This book has not been uniformly dated. It may have been written during the Maccabean period, the time of Herod the Great, or the sedition of Barchochebas (A.D. 132).
6) All dating is done by inference.  There is not written evidence that it existed prior to the third century.
7) This book has some unusual characteristics. It is Jewish in theology, but it is Christian in Messiology and Eschatology.
8) It has only one sentence that could compare to Jude 14-15.  The last portion of Jude 15 is not in the Book of Enoch.
9) This book seems to have been written after Jude wrote.  Jude was not quoting from “The Book of Enoch.”  Rather, that writer was quoting Jude.
b. Some would suggest Jude was repeating oral tradition.
c. Some would suggest Jude received direct revelation.
1) Paul named two of the magicians of Egypt which were not written about by Moses (2 Timothy 3:8).
2) Paul quoted from Jesus Christ even though those words are not recorded in the Gospels (Acts 20:35).

2. The language of Enoch’s prophecy is significant.

a. The prophecy is stated as fact.
1) The verb is emphasized both by position (1st) and tense (Aorist) as historical fact and worthy of an emphatic note.
2) The use of this ancient prophet draws attention to the prophets of all time.
b. The pronouncement is plain.
1) The Lord’s coming is sure. The verb is in the past tense, indicating the prophet’s view of the certainty of the event.
2) The purpose of Christ’s coming is twofold. He will execute judgment upon all ungodly men (Revelation 6:15-17). He will establish conviction upon all ungodly men.
3) The word EXELEGCHO is only used this once. Its root is translated as “fault” in Matthew 18:15. Its root is translated “being reproved” in John 3:20. Its root is used of the activity of the Holy Spirit in John 16:8.
4) The “conviction display” will be public (Matthew 25:41-46; Revelation 19:12-15). It will expose their ungodly deeds (Revelation 20:12-13). It will expose their hard speeches (Luke 12:2-3).

II. Jude next describes the activity of the ungodly men.

A. They are murmuers.

1. The sin and judgment of Israel is an example (1 Corinthians 10:10; Numbers 14:2).

2. The Apostle Paul firmly forbids murmuring (Philippians 2:14).

3. The Apostle Peter demands hospitality (1 Peter 4:9).

B. They are complainers.

1. The word means “fault finders.”

2. The Pharisees are a good example (Mark 7:2).

C. They walk after their own desires.

1. Peter reminds us that we were once this way (I Peter 4:3).

2. Peter amply describes this kind (2 Peter 2:10).

D. They speak “great swelling words.”

1. The goal is to “allure” (2 Peter 2:18).

2. The result is to deceive the simple (Romans 16:18).

3. The source is man’s wisdom (1 Corinthians 2:4; Colossians 2:4).

E. They give respect to persons for their profit.

1. The clear teaching is in James 2:1-9.

2. The obvious example is in Matthew 6:2, 5,16.

F. They are mockers.

1. We are to be reminded about the apostolic information (2 Peter 3:3).

2. We are reminded of the mockery against Christ (Matthew 20:19; 27:29-41).

G. They separate themselves.

1. The context suggests a removal from righteous company.

2. The Apostle John notes that those who left the assembly left because they were not part of the assembly (1 John 2:19).

3. The word itself (“setting a limit”) could imply arbitrary lines of fellowship (3 John 9).

H. They are sensual.

1. The word is derived from the Greek term for soul.

a. It is translated “natural” and “sensual.”
b. It conveys the meaning of emotional reactions.

2. The “sensual” activities are a sign of earthly wisdom (James 3:15).

I. They do not possess the spirit…..they are not saved.

Romans 8:5-9 – For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit. For to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, nor indeed can be. So then, those who are in the flesh cannot please God. But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His.

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