The Coming King

I. The last disclosure in Revelation is unveiled in chapters 19 through 22

A. Revelation chapter 19 describes the events around the return of Christ.

1. There is a celebration because of the fall of Babylon.

2. There is an announcement of the Marriage Supper of the Lamb.

3. There is the presentation of King Jesus with the armies of heaven.

4. There is deadly supper of the Great God.

5. There is the judgment of the beast and the false prophet.

B. Revelation 20 presents a broad overview of the millennial age.

1. The binding of Satan is noted.

2. The 1st resurrection is outlined.

3. The loosing of Satan is described.

4. The great white throne judgment is declared.

C. Revelation 21 centers on the New Age.

1. The New Heavens and New Earth are revealed.

2. The New Jerusalem is described.

D. Revelation 22 gives insight into the heart of God.

1. The River and Tree of Life are described.

2. The promises for ultimate reward are reaffirmed.

3. The warnings for rejection are specified.

II. Revelation 19:1-5 records a great celebration.

A. The “great voice of much people in heaven” shouts praise to God.

1. “Alleluia” is only used here in Revelation 19:1-6.

a. This is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “halel” and “jah” 
b. The OT words are translated “Praise the LORD”

2. “Alleluia” is exercised by crying out: “Salvation, and glory, and honor, and power, unto the Lord our God.

B. “Alleluia” is focused on the destruction of Babylon.

1. There is some eternal aspect to that destruction (19:3)

2. There is special recognition by the 24 Elders and the 4 Living Creatures.

3. There is an aspect of final victory in this praise.

II. Revelation 19:6-10 announces the “marriage supper of the Lamb.”

A. There are three specific identifying factors important to this passage.

1. The “wife has made herself ready” (19:7).

2. The clothing is “fine line, clean and white” (19:8)

3. The guests are “called” to the supper (19:9)

B. There are a few passages that may help identify “the wife.”

1. Isaiah 54:5 – For your Maker is your husband, The LORD of hosts is His name; and your Redeemer is the Holy One of Israel; He is called the God of the whole earth.

2. Hosea 2:19-20I will betroth you to Me forever; Yes, I will betroth you to Me In righteousness and justice, in lovingkindness and mercy; I will betroth you to Me in faithfulness, and you shall know the LORD.

3. 2 Corinthians 11:2 – For I am jealous for you with godly jealousy. For I have betrothed you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ.

4. Both godly Israel and the New Testament Christian are “betrothed” in an eternal relationship with the Lord Jesus Christ.

5. Hebrews 12:22-23 – But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven.

C. There are a few passages that may help understand the “marriage supper.”

1. Matthew 25:1-10 contains the parable of the Ten Virgins.

a. All were “virgins” but only “half” were prepared.
b. All wanted to go to the celebration but only half were admitted.
c. Matthew 7:21 – Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven.

2. Matthew 22:1-14 contains the parable of the King’s marriage for His son.

a. The supper was “made ready” but the invited guests made excuses.
b. The King’s “servants” were sent to find “both bad and good: and the wedding was furnished with guests.”  (Compare Luke 15:16-24)
c. The “wedding garment” (see Revelation 19:8) is critical.
d. Isaiah 61:10 – I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.
e. The “man which had not on a wedding garment” was bound “hand and foot . . . and cast “into outer darkness.”

D. There some important points to consider.

1. The marriage supper is either immediately before or after the wedding.

2. The “guests” are the ones invited to the supper: closest to the wedding couple.

3. The term, “the bride of Christ” does not appear in Scripture.

a. This is an extension of theological implications.
b. This is only applied to the holy city, the New Jerusalem (Revelation 21:2, 9-10; 22:17)
c. 1 Peter 2:5-10 – you also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house . . . . to you who believe, He is precious; but to those who are disobedient, "The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone . . . . you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people . . .  who once were not a people but are now the people of God, who had not obtained mercy but now have obtained mercy.

4.  The supporting Scripture passages give illustrations, similes, metaphors, and parables – not necessarily definitive titles or actual relationships.

III. Revelation 19:11-16 describes the coming of King Jesus prepared for war.

A. This is none other than the Lord Jesus Christ in full glory and power.

1. He is identified as sitting on a white horse

a. Probably a reference to the White Rider of the 1st Seal (Rev. 6:2)
b. Probably a “flash back” to the “conquering” role of that Rider.

2. He is identified as “faithful and true.”

a. 2 Corinthians 1:20 – For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him Amen
b. 2 Timothy 2:13 – If we are faithless, He remains faithful; He cannot deny Himself.
c. Revelation 3:14 – These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God

3. He is the resurrected Christ

a. This is the same picture given in Revelation 1:14-16.
b. This is a similar picture in Daniel 7:9-10.

4. He is the Word of God.

a. This is the title given in John’s gospel.
b. This is God in Flesh (John 1:1-14)

B. This is the Lord Jesus girded for battle.

1. He is accompanies by the “armies in heaven.”

a. This is the only time this phrase is used in the New Testament.
b. This is assumed to be the resurrected saints.
c. This may be the angelic army.
1) The “LORD of Hosts” is used 246 times in the OT.
2) The term always refers to God’s ultimate power and victory
3) 2 Kings 6:17 – And Elisha prayed, and said, "LORD, I pray, open his eyes that he may see." Then the LORD opened the eyes of the young man, and he saw. And behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire all around Elisha.

2. He is coming to do battle with the “nations” and to “tread the winepress.”

a. The continuing verses note that this the “great supper of God”
b. The “winepress” and “reaping” is described in Revelation 14.
c. The battle of “that great day of God Almighty” . . . is in “a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.” (Revelation 16:14-16)
d. Isaiah 13:4 – The noise of a multitude in the mountains, like that of many people!  A tumultuous noise of the kingdoms of nations gathered together! The LORD of hosts musters the army for battle.

3. He comes with “many crowns” and with the “vesture” of a bloody King.

a. This is the “KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.”
b. This is a “vesture” (cloak, covering) recognizing his authority.
c. This is recognition of his long battle against Satan and the bloody sacrifice of Himself and His “chosen” people.

IV. Revelation 19:17-21 provides an overview of the great battle.

A. This begins with a call to the birds to come and feast on the dead.

1. All will feast on every class of humanity (19:18)

2. All remaining enemy soldiers will be killed (19:21)

B. This records the punishment of the Beast and the False Prophet.

1. The False Prophet (19:20) is punished for his deceptive miracles.

2. The Beast is punished for requiring the “mark” of submission (19:20)

a. The age-long Beast is not in view here (empowered b Satan)
b. The “Beast” at this battle is the human Dictator of that day.

3. The two leaders were thrown alive into the “lake of fire.” (19:20)

V. Revelation 19 is the source of many theological speculations.

A. There are points of disagreement on the Second Coming.

1. Both the Amillennial and the Postmillennial theologians regard the Second Coming as one event, occurring at the end of the Second Age and the end of the world.

2. The Premillennial theologians regard the Second Coming as a phased event, occurring at the beginning of the Millennial Age.

a. The Second Coming is said to contain two elements:
1) The “Rapture” of the Saints prior to the tribulation period.
2) The “Revelation” of Christ at the end of the tribulation period.
b. The “rapture” is a “secret catching away” of the Saints.
c. The “revelation” is the visible return.

B. There are points of disagreement on the Tribulation and the Millennium.

1. The Amillennial position usually makes both the “tribulation” and the “millennium” to be figurative and to be in conjunction with the church age.

2. The Postmillennial position usually makes the “tribulation” to be at the end of a literal “millennium” and to be, if a time line is taught, three and one-half years.

3. The Premillennial theologians teach that the “tribulation” precedes the millennium and last for seven years.

C. There are points of disagreement on what happens at the Second Coming.

1. The Amillennial and the Postmillennial theologians teach that the Second Coming initiates the eternal state (heaven), and that Christ remains seated at the right hand of God the Father until He returns to end the world.

2. The Premillennial theologians teach that the Second Coming of Christ is to set up the Millennial Kingdom on earth, and that He reigns in person from the city of Jerusalem for 1000 years prior to implementing eternity.

3. The Amillennial and the Premillennial theologians teach that the Second Coming is preceded by a Rapture of the Saints that may occur at any moment.

4. The Postmillennial theologians teach that the Second Coming will not occur until the signs predicted in the Scripture have been manifested.

D. The essence of the differences boil down to disagreement on the following:

1. Is the Second Coming one event at the end of the world, or is it a phased event occurring at the beginning of the Millennial age?

2. Is the Rapture of the Saints an event that is connected with and essentially congruent with the Second Coming, or does it precedes the Second coming at or during the tribulation period?

3. Is the prophecy of the 70 Weeks in Daniel 9 a contiguous series of “weeks” that focus on and are consummated by the First Advent of Christ, or are they separated between the 69th and 70th week by the “church age?”

Series: 
The Revelation of Jesus Christ
Lesson: 
#11
Book: 
Revelation
Verses: 
ch. 19

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